The History of Salt

The so called “White gold of Sicily” is SALT, main condiment of the kitchen.

The history of salt has no memory: Humerus called it "divine substance" while for Plato salt was "particularly dear to the gods." The Romans instead used this substance in votive offerings made to the gods, they used it as medication as well as the art of salting. In ancient times the fact that salt was also a bargaining chip makes us understand the importance of this spice , which is why ltaly is full of "salt roads (Via)": the Via Salaria, for example, leads toward the port of Ostia ; the Salt Road that connected the Ligurian coast to the plains of Lombardy; and even the so called salt roads of Piedmont and Emilia . The word salary comes from salarium, which was the amount of salt that was given to the soldiers who were leaving for outposts abroad. During the Middle Ages the salt continued to be considered a precious commodity ...... Sea salt is a spice made of sodium chloride (NaCl) dissolved in sea water along with other substances. At room temperature it is a colorless, crystalline solid with a characteristic odor and flavor. The salt is obtained by spontaneous and fractional evaporation of sea water. The solar evaporation allows the extraction of sea salt, made in factories called saline (pans). The sea water is collected in large shallow tanks; the water evaporates and remains the brine, which becomes concentrated and is transferred, gradually in different tanks, to finally arrive in the crystallizing tanks, where the sodium chloride "falls" and is then collected. There are two types of sea salt: refined or integral , which keeps intact the properties of other substances, such as iodine, magnesium, potassium and other microelements . Sea salt is used as a flavor enhancer, known and marketed since ancient times, widely used in the kitchen for storing and cooking food (meats, cheeses, vegetables, spices). Sea salt is also used to prevent certain diseases, such as goiter or hypertension. It is then used in chemical industries for the tanning of leather and fabrics, and now for example for the saponification, or as a natural anti-frost. In Italy the largest salt pans are located in Margherita di Savoia, in Puglia; in Sardinia, near Cagliari and in Sicily near Trapani; in Romagna in Cervia. The TESAURO SALE SRL company works and sells sea salt from the pans of Trapani, whose foundation date back to the Pheonicians era.